Te Kete Ipurangi Navigation:

Te Kete Ipurangi

Te Kete Ipurangi user options:

Talented and Gifted navigation

Māori students

Māori Students

 The identification process is intended to reflect the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi to demonstrate the unique status of the tangata whenua. Approaches to conceptualising, identifying and providing for Māori students are dual faceted: they may emanate from Te Ao Māori; a Māori worldview on the one hand, and have significant connotations to Te Ao Hurihuri (the global world) on the other.

 The key constructs that are located within Te Ao Māori include:

  • whanaungatanga (building relationships)
  • manaakitanga (caring)
  • kotahitanaga (unity, bonding); and
  • rangatiratanga (leadership).

 The key constructs that are located within Te Ao Hurihuri include:

  • ako (reciprocity)
  • tuakana-teina (senior-to-junior tutelage)
  • mana tangata (modelling)
  • tātaritanga (thinking and making meaning); and
  • whaiwahitanga (participating and contributing).

 These approaches envisage that increasing the visibility of Māori giftedness within mainstream environments is not about adding a Māori dimension to existing constructs and practices, but requires that the very essence of the system itself is reflective of the principles of partnership, determination and power-sharing.

 Using Ka Hikitia (Ka Hikitia - Managing for Success: The Māori Education Strategy 2008 – 2012) as a guiding document for authentic evidence based practices, teachers are expected to draw from the evidence about what works for and with Māori students. Te Pikinga ki Runga (Macfarlane, 2009) provides a kaupapa Māori framework for identifying key concepts and values that resonate with gifted and talented Māori students.

Related readings



Bevan-Brown, J (2009)

Identifying and Providing for Gifted Māori Students

Bevan-Brown, J (2005)

Providing a culturally responsive enronment for gifted Maori learners (PDF, 61 KB)

Bevan-Brown, J (2000)

Running the gauntlet - A gifted Māori learners journey through secondary school (PDF, 197 KB)

Bevan-Brown, J (2000)

What is happening for gifted students in Kura Kaupapa Māori (PDF, 112 KB)
Kei te aha ngā kura kaupapa Māori, mō ngā tamariki tino pūkenga (PDF, 114 KB)

Galu, M (2006)

Gifted and talented - Perceptions of Māori and Polynesian students educated in segregated classes (PDF, 377 KB)

Jenkins, H; Moltzen, R & Macfarlane, A (2004)

Embracing Māori Giftedness. The dynamics of power, culture and visibility. (PDF, 3 MB)

Macfarlane, A (2010)

Above the Clouds - Māori students soaring at school (Angus Macfarlane 2010) (PDF, 396 KB)

Macfarlane, A (2003)

Components of a Maori concept of giftedness (Word, 40 KB)

Macfarlane, A (2010)

Seeds of Success (PDF, 903 KB)

Macfarlane, A (2004)

The Educultural Wheel (Te Pikinga ki Runga) (PDF, 55 KB)

Macfarlane, A; Glynn, T; Cavanagh, T; Bateman, S (2007)

Creating Culturally-Safe Schools for Māori Students (PDF, 2 MB)

Mahaki, P and Mahaki, C (2007)

Mana Tu, Mana Ora - Identifying characteristics of Māori giftedness (Notes) (Word, 62 KB)

Mahuika, R (2007)

Māori Gifted and Talented Education - a review of the literature (PDF, 247 KB)

Niwa, T (1998/99)

Māori students with special abilities

Webber, M (2006)

Identity and whakapapa - A curriculum for the gifted Māori child (PDF, 696 KB)